How to install an SSL certificate PART 4

How to install an SSL certificate

SSL installation for cPanel

SSL installation for cPanel

Procedure:

Click under 'Security' on 'SSL / TLS Manager'
Select 'Oversee SSL locales' under 'Introduce and oversee SSL'
Copy your certificate code including - BEGIN CERTIFICATE - and --END CERTIFICATE - and paste it in the "Certificate: (CRT)" field.
Click on 'Automatically fill in per certificate'
Copy and paste the chain of intermediate certificates (CA bundle) in the box under Certificate authority bundle (CA BUNDLE)
Click on 'Install Certificate'
* Note: if you do not use a special IP address, you must select one in the IP address menu.

SSL installation for Plesk

SSL installation for Plesk

Procedure:
Go to the Websites & domains tab and choose the domain for which you want to install the certificate.
Click on 'Secure your sites'
Under the 'Upload certificate files' section, click on 'Browse' and choose the certificate and the CA bundle files that are required.
Click on 'Send files'
Go back to 'Websites & Domains' and then click on 'Hosting settings' for the domain where you install the certificate.
Under 'Security' there must be a drop-down menu to select the certificate.
are you sure that the 'SSL support' box was checked?
Make sure you click on 'OK' to save the changes
To validate whether your installation was successful, you can use this free SSL validation tool.

Update the internal links of your website

If you check the internal links of your website, you will notice that they all use HTTP. These must, of course, be updated to HTTPS links. Now, in a few steps, we will show you a way to do this globally using a redirecting technique.

However, it is best to update your internal links from HTTP to HTTPS.


If you have a small website with only a few pages, this should not take too long. However, if you have hundreds of pages, it would take ages, so you better use a tool to automate this to save time. If your site is running in the database, perform database search and replace it with the help of this free script.

Update links that refer to your site
As soon as you switch to HTTPS if you link external websites to you, they will refer to the HTTP version. We'll set up a redirect in a few steps, but if there are external websites where you manage your profile, you can update the URL so that it points to the HTTPS version.

Good examples of this are your social media profiles and all directory listings where you have a profile page under your control.

Set a 301 diversion
OK on the technical bit and if you are not familiar with things like this, then it is definitely time to get some expert help. It is fairly simple and does not actually take much time, but you just have to know what you are doing.
With a 301 redirect you tell Google that a certain page has been permanently moved to a different address. In this case, you are going to tell Google that HTTP pages on your site are now HTTPS so that Google is redirected to the correct pages.
For most people who use Linux web hosting, this is done via the .htaccess file (see code below - according to the Apache recommendation ).

 Server name www.example.com Redirect "/" "https://www.example.com/"

Update your CDN SSL

actually this is an optional step not everyone is using a CDN. CDN stands for Content Delivery Network and it is a geographically distributed set of servers that store copies of your web files and present them to your visitors from a geographically nearby server to improve the speed that is loaded for them.

In addition to performance improvements, a CDN can also offer better security because the servers can monitor and identify malicious traffic and prevent it from reaching your website.

the examples of popular CDN are Cloudflare.
Anyway, ask your hosting company if you use a CDN. If you are not satisfied, just continue with the next step.
If that is the case, you should contact the CDN and ask them for instructions to update your SSL so that their CDN system recognizes it.

General SSL certificate errors and fast solutions

1- SSL certificate not trusted

Almost all browsers that are used on a large scale, such as Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox and Apple Safari have built-in repositories that are used to recognize trusted SSL certificates.
If you receive a message stating that a site has a certificate that is not trusted, be careful because it probably means that the certificate present is not signed by a trusted CA.

2- Average SSL certificate is missing

This error is often caused by an incorrectly installed SSL certificate. Errors during the installation procedure can lead to some SSL connection errors. There should be a ' chain of trust ' which means that all necessary components in the signing process must work without interruption.
If you are a website owner and encounter this error, try the section I discussed " SSL installation ."

3- Problems with self-signed certificates

To circumvent SSL problems, some website owners create their own SSL certificates. This is possible but makes no difference because it is not signed by a trusted CA. The only time that self-signed certificates are likely to be used is in test or development environments. Sites with self-signed certificates are not listed as secure.

4- Errors with mixed content

This is a configuration issue. SSL certificates only work if all pages and files on your site are HTTPS linked. This includes pages and images documents. If a single page is not linked via HTTPS, the site will encounter an error with mixed content and return to HTTP.
To prevent these problems, ensure that your links are all updated with HTTPS links.

Conclusion

SSL certificates are a win-win situation at the end of the day. Yes, it can be forced on us by large companies such as Google, but there is really very little disadvantage.
For a small price you can assure customers of the security of their data and privacy. Customers on the other hand can regain confidence in digital technology, an area that is increasingly being affected by hackers, spammers and other cyber criminals.
eCommerce is one of the most important pillars for the digital economy and has now promoted cross-border trade more than ever. By keeping data safe and secure, you as website owners can also contribute to internet security.
Finally, when choosing your SSL, try not only to keep an eye on the price and to do your best to always return to one simple word if you feel lost or confused; Trust.

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